The highest peak is Pice de Aneto (3,404 m). Baltic Sea with two branches – Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland is an inlet in the north. (c) 1 and 3 only The Bay of Biscay, the English Channel, and the North Sea are pars of the Atlantic Ocean. It is roughly three times the size of India and smaller than China. Difficulty: Medium to Tough depending on your revision of ShankarIAS book. The average precipitation is 30 cm a year. Ever since the merger of forest service prelims with Indian civil services (IAS/IPS) prelims, UPSC had been devoting about 1/5th of the Prelim paper-1 to environment, biodiversity topics but in 2017 and 2018 less number of questions were asked. For the measurement/estimation of which of the following are satellite images/remote sensing data used? (d) Waste to energy technologies there are a lot of Gulfs, Bay, and straits. (c) Neora valley national park Compared to conventional CNG, use of H-CNG can reduce emission of carbon monoxide up to 70% so #1 is wrong, because it doesn’t ‘eliminate CO emission’, it only reduces it. (c) 4 only Still another branch is the Dinaric and the Pindus mountain (Yugoslavia and Greece) and enters through the Crete island into Asia. 160 : Prelim-2021 Traditional routine preparation sources have given very little utility: Each year questions from the ‘About us’ websites of obscure International organisations and funds – TEEB, CCAC, GCCA, PAGE, GACSA, Biocarbon fund, Forest carbon facility, birdlife international etc. (a) 1 only Even if you try to make logical connectives that Urea in Agriculture soil = nitrogen oxides, still you’ll be 50:50 between A or D. (a) pesticides in agriculture Difficulty: Tough because asked about a contemporary affairs topic from two years old news item. R&D prem resurfaces with H-CNG, Remote Sensing. Correct Option: D Difficulty: Medium Tough, depending on your preparation of Current Affairs in Environment. A biome is a large ecological area or region that is characterized by its climate, soil type, and vegetation; the dominant plants and animals that live there.In another words biome is defined as the world’s major communities, classified according to the predominant vegetation and characterized by adaptations of organisms to that particular environment. (d) moisturising agents in cosmetics Thus Maharashtra (3) is lowest and Chattisgarh (1) is highest forest cover in % term. (d) Neither 1 nor 2 79. Required fields are marked *. Then answer should be 1 and 2 only. In this Article of World Geography, I want to walk you through the European continent – World Geography For UPSC. (d) 1, 2 and 3 It passes through heavily industrialized regions and is used for transportingheavy goods. Although it still requires knowledge about Asiatic lions so this hashtag ‘#Without-Studying-Anything’ is not fully justifiable. How to prepare Environment and biodiversity for Prelims – 2020? The Alpine forests are found all along the Himalaya at altitude ranging between 2500 m to 3500 m. Valley of Flowers National Park - At 3352 to 3658 meters above sea level. Warm temperate climates (C) are defined in the Köppen climate classification as having a coldest month with an average temperature below 18°C but above −3°C. Sulphate aerosol particles are very good reflectors of sunlight, and it has been shown, through various climate models, that even if 1% of current incident solar radiation is reflected back in space, a very significant amount of temperature rise on earth can be offset. The aphotic zone extends from the end of the photic zones to bottom of the lake. Namdapha National Park has a very wide altitude variation from 200 m to 4,500 m in the snow-capped mountain. Free methane in environment and stay millions of years… In solid form…. In the north-west is the Scandinavian, Peninsula consisting of Norway and Sweden. The Arctic Ocean to the north has a bay called the White Sea. ANS: ShankarIAS Environment Book (6th Ed) page 314. (Pre19-SetA) Q34. As the temperature varies with altitude, the type of forests found also vary from tropical to sub-tropical, temperate, and alpine. Sir, Q34 Even if no direct questions are asked, these basic concepts may you arrive at 50:50 elimination stage in an MCQ. (a) Manas National Park (b) Namdapha National Park (c) Neora Valley National Park (d) Valley of Flowers National Park. Consider the following statements : Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (Important for UGC-NET, UPSC-CSE, SSC) NCERT Class 7 Geography Chapter 6: Natural Vegetation & Wildlife Completes Notes Part 1. It is very much like the Tundra biome. These landforms are result of glaciations of hard rock in the ancient times. H-CNG makes the fuel less expensive than CNG. UPSC QUESTION 2019. That is correct but not related to deposit of methane hydrate because it is solid form of methane…. If you see the 1 and 3 statements, they say agri soils, poultry industry. Same trend with 9 out of 20 MCQs devoted to Environment. (b) Tobacco, cotton and rubbers (d) textile fibre So ans should be 1&2, Sir question is asking about deposit of methane hydrate….. I personally feel the question “(Pre18-SetA) Q32. As surrounded by a number of seas from all sides, Europe is an island rich continent. ANS: ShankarIAS Environment Book (6th Ed) page 357: (Pre19-SetA) Q22. So, then you arrive at right answer ‘A’. NCERT: 11-12 Geography’s forest-vegetation related chapters. Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for IEO Class-7: ... Now this is again evergreen but this flies in the temperate zone. 202 : CAPF-2021 ICT & Biotech-Prem continued, ISRO se breakup, Difficulty raised, https://extension.psu.edu/nitrogen-ammonia-emissions-and-the-dairy-cow. (a) 1 and 2 only In fact, Scandinavia exists or Fenno-Scandia which continues into the east through Finland to the Kola Peninsula in Russia. (Pre19-SetA) Q41.Consider the following statements: Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 1000-2000 meters – Wet temperate forests are characterised by oak trees and chestnut trees. Proportionately the medium difficulty questions have increased than last year/. A large part lies in the temperate zone as it stretches from 35°N to 80°N latitude. There is only one such option C. As per law, the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority exists at both National and State levels. Which one of the pair given above are correctly matched? Then ‘2’ contains extreme word ‘mandatory’ so it ought to be wrong, thus we arrive at 50:50 stage between A or D. (Pre19-SetA) Q25. Agasthyamalai biosphere consists of Neyyar, Peppara and Shendurney Wildlife sanctuaries and their adjoining areas. Similarly here not given cattle farm , but cattle. There is no mention of district requirement, so D is wrong. The north temperate zone extends from (approximately 23.5° north) to the Arctic Circle (approximately 66.5° north latitude). Large deposits of ‘methane hydrate’ are found in Arctic Tundra and under the seafloor. In the context of which one of the following are the terms pyrolysis and plasma gasification mentioned? ANS: ShankarIAS Environment Book (6th Ed) page 304: Remaining points are not given in the short note on that page, so we’ve to search elsewhere. Select the correct answer using the code given below: (a) Neyyar, peppara and shendurney wildlife sanctuaries and kalakad mundanthurai tiger reserve (c) 3 only So, #2 wrong by elimination Answer should be C. But let’s check with references: Bordered by Baltican White sea from north and Black and Azov from the south the plain is gradually narrowed down towards the west. (c) 3 only So, #2 is right. Vegetation Zones Mean annual Mean Temp. ANS: (Pre19-SetA) Q43. GuessmastergiriTM Rule#1 extreme worded statements are wrong. (c) Both 1 and 2 The vegetation is mostly in stunted form due to the extreme cold climate … so, D seems most appropriate. NGT had earlier directed the Centre to test cosmetic products containing microbeads after a plea sought ban on their use on the ground they are extremely dangerous for. Valley of flowers is completely in purple zone, while Namdapha’s some area may be in brown zone. Recently, there was a growing awareness in our country about the importance of Himalayan nettle (Girardinia diversifolia) because it is found to be a sustainable source of (a) Manas National Park (b) Namdapha National Park (c) Neora Valley National Park (d) Valley of Flowers National Park. O.C. it doesnt mean cow emits ammonia in the first place. (d) 3-2-1-4 In 2018, UPSC asked about a low profile scheme “National Programme for Organic Production’ (NPOP)”- therefore, some over-enthusiastic candidates will go through governments OUTPUT OUTCOME BUDGET Document, to make a ‘half-blood-prince’ note for “all the low-profile government schemes”. The main climatic factors are rainfall and temperature. Difficulty: Tough. And whichever PDF compilation catches your fancy. The valley has three sub-alpine between 3,200m and 3,500m which is the limit for trees, lower alpine between 3,500m and 3,700m, and higher alpine above 3,700m. Consider the following pairs : The mountain range runs in many branches. Difficulty: Tough because while NCERT Class11 ‘Practical work in geography’ has a dedicated chapter on this topic but 1) it doesn’t contain these keywords 2) most of the UPSC candidates donot go through that ‘practical work’ book anyways. In the south-west is the Iberian Peninsula which is made up of Spain and Portugal. (b) natural gas extractions technologies Consider the following statements : Though their average height is 300 m yet their highest peak is about 1,638 m high. Difficulty: Medium to Tough. The continent’s north/central zone is affected by cold and dry Arctic winds, especially the Siberia region of Russia. The peninsula of Greece, known as the Balkan Peninsula and Italy extends into the Mediterranean Sea. These are located in south-central Europe, immediately north of the Mediterranean Sea. The moderate oceanic climate is a sub-type of temperate climates. In the context of the proposals to the use of hydrogen-enriched CNG (H-CNG) as fuel for buses in public transport, consider the following statements, Which of the statements given above is/are correct? To the west is the Strait of Gibraltar separating Europe from Africa and joining the Mediterranean to the Atlantic Ocean. (d) They are often found to be used as food adulterants These chemicals are used as The Gulf of Finland is situated in the easternmost arm of the Baltic Sea and extends between Finland (to the north) and Estonia (to the south) all the way to Saint Petersburg in Russia, where the river Neva drains into it. Requires knowledge of both elevation and State in which a given park is located. With reference to the cultivation of Kharif crops in India in the last five years, consider the following statements : Which of the statements given above are correct? Your email address will not be published. It is of the short lived green house gas , not decade or two. The main ones are the Alps, the Carpathians, the Balkans, the Caucasus, etc. From north to south, these are 2,200 km long and 80-120 km broad with many parallel valleys. It is not as important as the Rhine for international trade because of the Black Sea in the interior. China’s HY-1C marine satellite is expected to improve China’s ocean remote sensing capability. ”It should be noted that urine and fecal material, individually, emit minimal amounts of ammonia; it is the physical process of combining urine and feces after deposition on a floor surface, which results in ammonia volatilization in dairy housing.”, Plus methane oxidation is also great source of water vapour in stratosphere.. so methane oxidises to carbon dioxide and water vapour, with residence time of 9 year. Two humped camel are called Bactrian camel, found in, Some species of marine mammals are herbivores. GuessmastergiriTM Rule#1 extreme worded statements are wrong. The broad continent shelf on its west provides good fishing grounds and there are sheltered harbors along the indented coastline. They extend for almost 700 miles in a crescent shape from the coastline of southern France (near Monaco) into Switzerland, then through northern Italy and into Austria, and down through Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro – then ending in Albania on the rugged coastline of the Adriatic Sea. (b) 2 and 3 only Get exclusive UPSC Resources that I only share with Telegram subscribers. Class11 Chemistry textbook’s chapter on environmental chemistry. Remember that some questions are meant to test the Forest Service candidates. (b) 2-3-4-1 Many of them have their origin in the Alps. Tougher but Less Lunatic than last year. The Gulf of Lions extends from the easternmost spurs of Pyrenees and covers various lagoons, the Rhone River delta, limestone hills of Marseille. Difficulty: Easy. It is found in temperate and sub-alpine zones of the Himalayas, at an altitude from 2,400-4,000 metres above sea level. https://extension.psu.edu/nitrogen-ammonia-emissions-and-the-dairy-cow, They are saying, if we mix dung and urine , we get good amount of ammonia, as individually they contain little. 1&2 correct, But…. The Aegean Sea and the Adriatic Sea are two of its branches. (a) 1 only 41 : IFS(M)-2020 Not available in routine newspapers. Government’s Yojana and Kurukshetra magazines of atleast last one calendar year. (b) preservatives in processed foods ANS: 2018-June, TheHindu. Please look into it. Since the merger of Forest service Prelims with civil service, good number of questions have been asked from the agriculture subject of course 2019 is an exception but one swallow doesn’t make a summer. Wildlife: Naturally found in. It’s futile to make a compilation of such wildlife GK, because UPSC examiner can always ask something random or technical that only an IFS (Forest) candidate with B.Sc (Agriculture / Zoology / Botany) can attempt it. Except for some river valleys such as the Rhine, Rhone, Elbe, and Danube river valleys all other areas of this division is sparsely populated. Montane temperate, Dry temperate, sub alpine and alpine forests make up the Himalayan biodiversity representing plethora of diversification in terms of species and genetics. The rivers of Europe are perennial being fed by melting snow or by the rain brought by the Westerlies. Not…. Which one of the following National Parks lies completely in the temperate alpine zone? (d) 1, 2 and 3 The south temperate zone extends from (approximately 23.5° south) to the Antarctic Circle (approximately 66.5° south).. The Danube, Dnieper, and Don flow into the Black Sea. (a) 1 and 2 only The evolution of high mountain floras is strongly influenced by tectonic and climatic history. But it doesn’t help directly reaching the answer. You may spot animals like Asiatic black deer, snow leopard, musk deer, red fox, brown bear and blue sheep. While second statement can be validated from Shankar’s book but first statement is not given in routine books. Consider the following statements: Which of the statements given above is/are correct? “[Answerkey] UPSC Prelim-2019: Environment & Agriculture. Thus, it does not lie completely in the temperate alpine zone. Do only selective study of the chapters related to agriculture. There is a community in Khar, a hamlet in Darchula district in far-western Nepal, which produces fabrics from Himalayan nettle. Deckers, in Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment, 2005. In the west, the Meseta of Spain, the Central Plateau of France, the Britanny Peninsula, the Rhine Upland, the Block Forest, Vosges, Bohemian Plateau, and Rhodope Mt, etc, are examples of these old mountains. Asked from two years old news. Longitudinally, it stretches from 10°W to 60°E; The Prime Meridian passes through London. The Bill also establishes the National and State Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authorities to manage the National and State Funds. While it’s given in Economic Survey but who can memorize so ascending descending orders!? Irrawaddy is a river of Myanmar. (Pre19-SetA) Q30. (c) 2 and 4 only To cultivate the logical elimination 50:50 skill, You must have strong foundation in environment. Enough analysis and strategy, let’s solve the questions asked in Prelims-2019. [Answerkey] UPSC Prelim-2019: Science-Tech, All Sets with Explanations. Remarks Average Temp. ANS: ShankarIAS Environment Book (6th Ed) page 73. (c) 3-2-4-1 International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has placed Himalayan trillium in “Endangered” category. So, #1 is wrong and answer is B: 2 and 3 only. For high altitude animals, this is one of the most important zones. Hardier grains, such as barley, buckwheat, millet, oats, and wheat, are grown in the central and southern areas of this zone, where permanent frosts inhibit plant growth. (Pre19-SetA) Q28. Since PDF compilation makers donot have any cost of printing- They will go on to copy paste 50 dozen crop hybrid varieties mentioned in the Hindu newspaper and monthly updates on MSP /food-inflation ups and downs. (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 So, statement#2 is wrong, by elimination we arrive at answer A: 1 and 3 only. Livestock ranching is another major activity carried out in these areas due to the availability of natural grasses. Steppe Climate - Temperate Grassland Regions. 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